While there is no real cure for allergies, there are several types of treatments that can make your life easier when it comes to managing your allergies. Allergy treatments will vary depending on the severity and type of allergy that you have.
Possibly the most commonly used remedy for allergy-related symptoms is nasal sprays. There are several types of sprays available, including over-the-counter and prescription sprays. These include:
- Steroid Sprays - These work by reducing inflammation and mucus in the nasal passageways, and work best for people with allergic rhinitis, also known as hay fever, and can provide relief from nasal stuffiness or congestion.
- Antihistamine Sprays - These sprays work by blocking the effects of histamine, which is a chemical released by your immune system during an allergy attack.
- Decongestant Sprays - Decongestants can help reduce nasal congestion, but aren’t recommended for treating chronic allergies.
- Saline Nasal Sprays - Saline sprays are saltwater solutions used to soften mucus to help it drain more easily.
Besides nasal sprays, there are other medications that can help to reduce your body’s reaction to allergens. These can be taken as liquids or pills. They include:
- Mast Cell Stabilizers
- Leukotriene Modifiers
Immunotherapy is a form of treatment to prevent allergic reactions by building up your immune system’s resistance. This is done through controlled exposure to substances that you may be allergic to.
- Allergy Shots - With allergy shots, your doctor will inject small amounts of allergen extracts into the body to stimulate the immune system without causing an allergic reaction. Over time, your doctor will slowly increase the allergen. Shots work similarly to a vaccine, making your body develop immunity and tolerance to specific allergens. They are typically given over the course of three to five years.
- Allergy Drops - This is also known as sublingual immunotherapy. A small dose of an allergen is delivered in liquid or tablet form under the tongue to boost tolerance and immunity. This form of therapy is usually taken at home and usually is daily.
See Your Doctor Today!
If you’re struggling with managing your allergies, make sure to contact your doctor sooner rather than later to figure out which treatment works best for you!